RECTORIA General Coordination of Cooperation and Internationalization

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Glossary

 

 

Accreditation. Process employed to ensure the quality of an institution or an educational program. The process is carried out by a competent body or agency external to the institutions of higher education. The accreditation recognizes that the institution or program meets the minimum quality requirements previously established by that agency; also by international accreditation agencies in other countries.

 

 

Strategic Alliances. They are cooperative arrangements in which two or more institutions come together to achieve competitive advantage, by combining their strengths, which they would not reach for themselves in the short term without much effort.

 

 

Harmonization. Process through which the establishment of correspondence or compatibility between different degrees and diplomas awarded by higher education institutions from different countries is looked for. It involves the review of the plans and programs of institutional study and adoption of standards for credit transfer, to facilitate recognition of studies at another institution of higher education.

 

 

Academic Quality. Feature set of educational services that meet different parameters related to the effectiveness and efficiency. The improvement of the qualitative aspects of educational services is related to the fulfillment of quantitative parameters.

 

 

Competencies. Set of knowledge, skills and attitudes, generic, specific and professional, to fully meet the social requirements. Fostering competences is the object of educational programs.

 

 

Global Competition. It is the body of knowledge (facts, skills and attitudes) of a person to function in a global context, international and multicultural; such as "possession" of information (knowledge) of other societies and cultures; positive feelings toward two or more cultures (empathy), the command of foreign languages ??and the ability to make international tasks.

 

 

Treaties or Agreements. Documents formalizing an interagency partnership, which commits both institutions to cooperate in various disciplines and collaborate in various forms. These agreements also explained in detail a number of conditions and obligations pertaining to academic and student participants. There are two types of agreement: general and specific. The first sets out the general terms in which the academic collaboration and activities arising from it will be done. The second specifically states the projects, activities and obligations of each party.

 

 

Academic Bodies. Groups of full-time faculty who share one or more lines of generation and application of knowledge (research or study) in disciplinary or multidisciplinary topics and a set of goals and academic goals. Additionally they attend educational programs in one or several levels according to the typological profile of the institution. Academic bodies can be classified into academic bodies in training, consolidation and consolidated.

 

 

DES. Acronym in Spanish for Units of HigherEducation (Dependencias de Educación Superior).

 

 

Global Sustainable Development. Term applied to economic and social development that address the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs in a global context, as there are problems that despite having a local origin or cause, have a global impact.

 

 

International Dimension. It refers, firstly, to the characteristics that educational programs must meet to achieve international quality standards and, second, to the components that should be incorporated into these programs to cover the global problems and multiculturalism, so that graduates are competent to understand and perform professionally and personally in any cultural, social and economic environment. For this it is necessary to design and implement, with the involvement of the different actors of the university community, a policy of explicit internationalization, focusing on institutional interest, established through appropriate programmatic, professional, and organizational structures to ensure its institutionalization and sustainability.

 

 

Double Degree. Graduating process that consists in obtain two certificates issued by each of the higher education institution that support studies by a student as a result of a mutual recognition of studies in each of the institutions.

 

 

Academic Breaks. Periods during which the student or professor remains in an institution of higher education or other related institution, different from the institution of origin, for studies or research. These breaks can take place in terms of mobility and / or within exchange agreements.

 

 

Standard. It is a quality reference level or default set up by any agency, accrediting agency or institution. The quality standards of excellence or institutions or higher education programs are previously and, in general, established by an accrediting agency. It involves a set of requirements and conditions that the institution must meet to be accredited by that agency.

 

Quality Standards. Internal and external parameters that express the extent or quality that is sought in education and management processes.

International Standards. Quality parameters supported by specialized international consulting agencies.

 

Institutional Strategies. Fundamental principles and routes that will guide the process to achieve the goals you want to get oriented to troubleshoot the institution or consolidate their strengths.

 

Working Group. The group or team is an assigned a set of people, according to skills, knowledge and specific professional skills, to accomplish a specific goal or task, under the direction of a coordinator within a defined time frame.

 

Collegial group. Set of experts or specialists that come together in terms of a career, a subject, and/or a project and work around tasks and shared purposes. Group of people with different perspectives or approaches that can contribute to a discussion, decision or resolution to a problem or issue of interest.

 

 

Globalization. In the case of higher education, globalization refers to "...the flow of technology, knowledge, people, values??, ideas...that transcend beyond the borders...". For its part, "...Globalization affects each country differently, in relation to its history, traditions, culture and priorities..." (Knight, 1999). Internationalization and globalization are two different concepts, but united by a same dynamic. Globalization can be understood as the catalyst while internationalization would be the proactive response to this phenomenon by the university.

 

 

Educational innovation. Educational innovation involves attitudes and actions related to research processes for solving problems that involve a change in educational practice. Educational innovation drives action research for both the production of knowledge to the practical experience of action. Implies novelty introduced in the training process that reduces the time taken by a student to pass a course, while acquire knowledge, skills and abilities through a paradigm based on learning, using information technology and communications.

 

Academic exchange. Activities of bidirectional mobility of students and / or university staff between two or more institutions created under an agreement signed between the participating institutions in terms of reciprocity. The exchange is a particular type of academic mobility that involves reciprocity between two or more institutions with exchange students, teachers and / or researchers.

Internationalization of the curriculum. Consists in the incorporation of international, intercultural and interdisciplinary dimensions in the materials, the disciplines, the content of the curriculum, the teaching methods and curriculum frameworks.

 

Transverse or comprehensive internationalization. Proposes strategies for an Internationalization that should be comprehensive and cross the entire educational process, meaning, putting emphasis in that the entire institution should be involved; it should also permeate and be implemented at all three levels of the educational process: the macro (decision making and design of institutional policies), the meso (in the curriculum) and the micro (the teaching and learning activities in classrooms, research and extension).

 

 

Internationalization. Systematic, systemic and sustained response aimed at promoting the education sector to the requirements and challenges of the globalization of societies, economy and labor market effort. The internationalization of higher education refers to a process of institutional transformation strategy is to integrate international and intercultural dimension in the mission, culture, development plans and policies of the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs).

 

 

Mobility of students. Moving from the home institution to another HEI for stays that allow performing any academic activities in another program or institution with recognition or allocation of credits in the source program. In student mobility, graduate and undergraduate students conduct practices, courses and academic residences outside their institutions. If the stay is met, it becomes an important instrument for the formation of future professionals because it provides the opportunity to learn another language and to learn from and tolerate living with people from different cultures.

 

 

Academic mobility. Fundamental strategy of internationalization of higher education institutions, consisting of temporal displacement and incorporation of students and/or university staff to other HEIs, national or abroad. For the purposes of academic mobility, it can be of two categories: one way, when it consists of a shift from one institution to another, without reciprocal commitments, and bidirectional (Academic Exchange), when each student or university staff college send receive another in return.

 

International Perspective. The design of policies and educational programs with a focus leading to the development of competencies and skills in graduates, enabling them to function in an international, global, multicultural and highly competitive world.

 

PIFU. The Spanish acronym for Internationalization Program of university Functions (Programa de la Internacionalización de las Funciones Universitarias).

 

 

Plan of studies. Joint structured elements that interact with the aim of training graduates with the profile set. It comprises: academic staff, students, infrastructure, curriculum, academic activities, outcomes and administrative processes; it articulates the content, learning activities and assessments of the subjects according to the disciplinary and specific generic skills that aim to develop, in order to achieve the graduate profile and the formation of the student.

Educational program. Program that are offered by higher education institution in order to educate and empower people to exercise their learning in some professional activity either practical or academic, usually identified by the name of the respective discipline or profession.

International Competition Program. Programs that have collaborations internationally through agreements, which include the mobility of students and teachers, the co-supervision of theses and joint research projects.

 

Networks. University networks are incubators of cooperative activities that facilitate interactions among multiple actors, transfer of knowledge and technology and joint research, development and training. The range of a network may be national, regional or international, and participation in it may be individual, group or institution, in accordance with its objectives can be classified into thematic, academic, information and communication, research, innovation and technology services. Attributes of networks include: flexibility, horizontality, complementary skills, mutual benefits and generating multiple leaders, improving the cost / benefit and diversification of financial sources relationship.